- Hannibal (246–183 B.C.) - the famous Carthaginian general, spent the last 14 years (196-183) of his uneasy life in the Hellenistic East. He came to the Orient with a hope to consolidate the forces of Hellenistic states to resist the further expansion of Rome and thus to restore the independence of his native Carthaginian state. Records of the Greek and Latin authors permit us to specify that during those 14 years Hannibal was in the following countries of the Near East: 196–190 B.C. – in Syria & Phoenicia at the court of king Antioch the Great, 189–188 B.C. – in Armenia at the court of king Artaxias I, 188–186 B.C. – in Gortina, on the island of Crete, 186–183 B.C. – in Bythinia at the court of king Prusias II. According to ancient authors, while being in Armenia king Artaxias I, taking his advice, founded city Artashat – the new capital of Armenia. Thus, we are able now to define more exactly that Artashat was founded in 189 B.C. (it means, that in 2011 the city Artashat can celebrate its 2200th anniversary). The Greek author Plutarchus named Artashat also <Armenian Carthage>. According to him, as the king Artaxias I appointed Hannibal the chief of the foundation works, it may be possible that the building plan of Artashat city was in some forms similar to the plan of the ancient Carthage.
- Juniani Justini Epitoma Historiarum philippicarum Pompei Trogi , Jacques Bongars,
- Appian’s Roman History : wikipedia -
- Hannibal, Arménie : Google.fr - Google.com - Google.Livres - Google.Books